Logo Search packages:      
Sourcecode: tboot version File versions  Download package

vsprintf.c

/*
 * vsprintf.c:  provides string formatting fns
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2010-2011, Intel Corporation
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 *
 *   * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *     notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 *   * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
 *     copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following
 *     disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided
 *     with the distribution.
 *   * Neither the name of the Intel Corporation nor the names of its
 *     contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived
 *     from this software without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
 * "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
 * LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS
 * FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
 * COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,
 * INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
 * (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR
 * SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT,
 * STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
 * ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED
 * OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 *
 */

#include <types.h>
#include <stdbool.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <misc.h>
#include <compiler.h>

static bool div64(uint64_t num, uint32_t base, uint64_t *quot, uint32_t *rem)
{
    /* check exceptions */
    if ( (quot == NULL) || (rem == NULL) || (base == 0) )
        return false;

    uint32_t high = num >> 32;
    uint32_t low = (uint32_t)num;
    if ( high == 0 ) {
        *quot = low / base;
        *rem = low % base;
    }
    else {
        uint64_t hquo = high / base;                  \
        uint32_t hrem = high % base;
        uint32_t lquo;
        /*
         * use "divl" instead of "/" to avoid the link error
         * undefined reference to `__udivdi3'
         */
        __asm__ __volatile__ ( "divl %4;"
                               : "=a"(lquo), "=d"(*rem)
                               : "a"(low), "d"(hrem), "r"(base));
        *quot = (hquo << 32) + lquo;
    }

    return true;
}

/*
 * write the character into the buffer
 * return the position of the buffer after writting
 */
static unsigned long write_char_to_buffer(char *buf, size_t buf_len,
                                          unsigned long buf_pos, char ch)
{
    /* check buffer overflow? */
    if ( buf_pos >= buf_len )
        return 0;

    *(buf + buf_pos) = ch;
    return buf_pos + 1;
}

/*
 * write pad_len pads into the buffer
 * return the position of the buffer after writting
 */
static unsigned long write_pads_to_buffer(char *buf, size_t buf_len,
                                          unsigned long buf_pos, char pad,
                                          size_t pad_len)
{
    for ( unsigned int i = 0; i < pad_len; i++ )
        buf_pos = write_char_to_buffer(buf, buf_len, buf_pos, pad);

    return buf_pos;
}

/* %[flags][width][.precision][length]specifier */
00101 typedef struct {
    /* flag */
#define LEFT_ALIGNED (1 << 0) /* '-' */
#define SIGNED       (1 << 1) /* '+' */
#define SPACE        (1 << 2) /* ' ' */
#define PREFIX       (1 << 3) /* '#' */
#define ZERO_PADDED  (1 << 4) /* '0' */
    int flag;
    /* width & precision */
    unsigned int width, precision;
    /* length */
    enum {NORM, LONG, LONGLONG} flag_long;
    /* specifier */
    int base;
    bool cap;
    bool sign;
    bool digit;
} modifiers_t;

/* 
 * write the string into the buffer regarding flags
 * return the position of the buffer after writing
 */
static unsigned long write_string_to_buffer(char *buf, size_t buf_len,
                                            unsigned long buf_pos,
                                            const char* str, size_t strlen,
                                            modifiers_t *mods)
{
    unsigned int i;

    mods->width = ( mods->width > strlen ) ? mods->width - strlen : 0;
    if ( mods->flag & LEFT_ALIGNED ) { /* left align */
        for ( i = 0; i < strlen; i++ )
            buf_pos = write_char_to_buffer(buf, buf_len, buf_pos, str[i]);
        buf_pos = write_pads_to_buffer(buf, buf_len, buf_pos, ' ', mods->width);
    }
    else { /* right align */
        /* if not digit, don't considering pad '0' */
        char pad = ( mods->digit && (mods->flag & ZERO_PADDED) ) ? '0' : ' ';

        buf_pos = write_pads_to_buffer(buf, buf_len, buf_pos, pad, mods->width);
        for ( i = 0; i < strlen; i++ )
            buf_pos = write_char_to_buffer(buf, buf_len, buf_pos, str[i]);
    }

    return buf_pos;
}

/* convert a integer to a string regarding flags, qualifier, specifier, etc. */
static size_t int2str(long long val, char *str, size_t strlen,
                      const modifiers_t *mods)
{
    unsigned int i;
    size_t length = 0, number_length = 0;
    unsigned long number_start = 0;
    const char hexdig_lowercase[] = "0123456789abcdef";
    const char hexdig_uppercase[] = "0123456789ABCDEF";
    unsigned long long nval;

    /* check, we support octal/decimal/hex only */
    if ( (mods->base != 8) && (mods->base != 10) && (mods->base != 16) )
        return 0;

    if ( str == NULL || strlen == 0 )
        return 0;

    if ( mods->flag & PREFIX ) {
        if ( mods->base == 8 )
            *(str + length++) = '0'; /* add prefix 0 for octal */
        else if ( mods->base == 16 ) {
            if ( strlen < 2 )
                return 0;

            /* add prefix 0x/0X for hex */
            *(str + length++) = '0';
            *(str + length++) = ( mods->cap ) ? 'X' : 'x';
        }
    }

    /*
     * if it is shown as signed decimal(%d), we consider to add -/+/' '
     * but, if it is an unsigned number, no need to add -/+/' '
     */
    if ( mods->base == 10 && mods->sign ) {
        if ( val < 0 ) { /* negative */
            *(str + length++) = '-';
            val = -val;
        }
        else { /* positive */
            if ( mods->flag & SIGNED )
                *(str + length++) = '+';
            else if ( mods->flag & SPACE )
                *(str + length++) = ' ';
        }
    }

    /* truncate to unsigned long or unsigned int if type of val is */
    if ( mods->flag_long == LONGLONG )
        nval = (unsigned long long)val;
    else if ( mods->flag_long == LONG )
        nval = (unsigned long long)(unsigned long)val;
    else
        nval = (unsigned long long)(unsigned int)val;

    /* convert */
    number_start = length;
    do {
        /* overflow? */
        if ( length >= strlen )
            break;

        uint32_t rem = 0;
        if ( !div64(nval, mods->base, &nval, &rem) )
            return 0;
        *(str + length) = ( mods->cap ) ?
            hexdig_uppercase[rem] : hexdig_lowercase[rem];
        length++;
        number_length++;
    } while ( nval );

    /* handle precision */
    while ( number_length < mods->precision ) {
        /* overflow? */
        if ( length >= strlen )
            break;

        *(str + length) = '0';
        length++;
        number_length++;
    }

    /* reverse */
    for ( i = 0; i < number_length/2; i++ ) {
        char ch;

        ch = *(str + number_start + i);
        *(str + number_start + i)
            = *(str + number_start + (number_length - i - 1));
        *(str + number_start + (number_length - i - 1)) = ch;
    }

    return length;
}

int vscnprintf(char *buf, size_t size, const char *fmt, va_list ap)
{
    unsigned int buf_pos = 0; /* return value doesn't count the last '\0' */
    const char *fmt_ptr;
    modifiers_t mods;

    /* check buf */
    if ( (buf == NULL) || (size == 0) )
        return 0;

    /* check fmt */
    if ( fmt == NULL )
        return 0;

    memset(&mods, 0, sizeof(mods));

    while ( buf_pos < size ) {
        bool success;

        /* handle normal characters */
        while ( *fmt != '%' ) {
                buf_pos = write_char_to_buffer(buf, size, buf_pos, *fmt);
            if ( *fmt == '\0' )
                return buf_pos - 1;
            fmt++;
        }

        /* handle %: %[flags][width][.precision][length]specifier */
        /*
         * start to parse the syntax of %, save the position of fmt
         * in case that append the string to the buffer if % substring
         * doesnot match the syntax
         */
        fmt_ptr = fmt + 1; /* skip '%' */
        success = true;    /* assume parsing % substring would succeed */

        /* parsing flags */
        while ( true ) {
            switch ( *fmt_ptr ) {
            case '-':
                mods.flag |= LEFT_ALIGNED;
                break;
            case '+':
                mods.flag |= SIGNED ;
                break;
            case ' ':
                mods.flag |= SPACE;
                break;
            case '#':
                mods.flag |= PREFIX;
                break;
            case '0':
                mods.flag |= ZERO_PADDED;
                break;
            default:
                goto handle_width;
            }
            fmt_ptr++;
        }

        /* parsing width */
handle_width:
        if ( *fmt_ptr == '*' ) {
            mods.width = va_arg(ap, int);
            fmt_ptr++;
        }
        else
            mods.width = strtoul(fmt_ptr, (char **)&fmt_ptr, 10);

        if ( *fmt_ptr == '.' ) {
            /* skip . */
            fmt_ptr++;

            /* parsing precision */
            if ( *fmt_ptr == '*' ) {
                mods.precision = va_arg(ap, int);
                fmt_ptr++;
            }
            else
                mods.precision = strtoul(fmt_ptr, (char **)&fmt_ptr, 10);
        }

        /* parsing qualifier: h l L;
         * h is ignored here, and 'L' and 'j' are treated as 'll'
         */
        mods.flag_long = NORM;
        if ( *fmt_ptr == 'L' || *fmt_ptr == 'j' ) {
            mods.flag_long = LONGLONG;
            fmt_ptr++;
        }
        else if ( *fmt_ptr == 'l' && *(fmt_ptr + 1) == 'l' ) {
            mods.flag_long = LONGLONG;
            fmt_ptr += 2;
        }
        else if ( *fmt_ptr == 'l' ) {
            mods.flag_long = LONG;
            fmt_ptr++;
        }

#define write_number_to_buffer(__buf, __size, __buf_pos, __mods)           \
({                                                                         \
    char __str[32];                                                        \
    size_t __real_strlen;                                                  \
    if ( __mods.flag_long == LONGLONG ) {                                  \
        long long __number = 0;                                            \
        __number = va_arg(ap, long long);                                  \
        __real_strlen = int2str(__number, __str, sizeof(__str), &__mods);  \
    }                                                                      \
    else if ( __mods.flag_long == LONG ) {                                 \
        long __number = 0;                                                 \
        __number = va_arg(ap, long);                                       \
        __real_strlen = int2str(__number, __str, sizeof(__str), &__mods);  \
    }                                                                      \
    else {                                                                 \
        int __number = 0;                                                  \
        __number = va_arg(ap, int);                                        \
        __real_strlen = int2str(__number, __str, sizeof(__str), &__mods);  \
    }                                                                      \
    __mods.digit = true;                                                   \
    write_string_to_buffer(                                                \
        __buf, __size, __buf_pos, __str, __real_strlen, &__mods);          \
})

        /* parsing specifier */
        mods.base = 10;
        mods.cap = mods.sign = false;
        switch ( *fmt_ptr ) {
        case 'c':
            {
                char str[1];

                str[0] = (char)va_arg(ap, int);
                mods.digit = false;
                buf_pos = write_string_to_buffer(
                              buf, size, buf_pos, str, strlen(str), &mods);
                break;
            }
        case 's':
            {
                char *str;

                str = va_arg(ap, char *);
                mods.digit = false;
                buf_pos = write_string_to_buffer(
                              buf, size, buf_pos, str, strlen(str), &mods);
                break;
            }
        case 'o':
            mods.base = 8;
            buf_pos = write_number_to_buffer(buf, size, buf_pos, mods);
            break;

        case 'X':
            mods.cap = true;
            mods.base = 16;
            buf_pos = write_number_to_buffer(buf, size, buf_pos, mods);
            break;

        case 'p':
            mods.flag |= PREFIX;    /* print prefix 0x for %p */
            mods.flag_long = LONG;
        case 'x':
            mods.base = 16;
            buf_pos = write_number_to_buffer(buf, size, buf_pos, mods);
            break;

        case 'i':
        case 'd':
            mods.sign = true;
            buf_pos = write_number_to_buffer(buf, size, buf_pos, mods);
            break;

        case 'u':
            buf_pos = write_number_to_buffer(buf, size, buf_pos, mods);
            break;
        case 'e':
        case 'E':
            /* ignore */
            break;
        case '%':
            buf_pos = write_char_to_buffer(buf, size, buf_pos, '%');
            break; 
        default:
            success = false;
            break;
        } /* switch for specifier */

        fmt_ptr++;         /* skip the above character */
        if ( success )
            fmt = fmt_ptr;
        else
            /* parsing % substring error, treat it as a normal string */
            /* *fmt = '%' */
            buf_pos = write_char_to_buffer(buf, size, buf_pos, *fmt++);
    } /* while */

    buf[buf_pos - 1] = '\0'; /* if the buffer is overflowed. */
    return buf_pos - 1;
}

int snprintf(char *buf, size_t size, const char *fmt, ...)
{
    va_list ap;
    va_start(ap, fmt);
    int count = vscnprintf(buf, size, fmt, ap);
      va_end(ap);
    return count;
}

/*
 * Local variables:
 * mode: C
 * c-set-style: "BSD"
 * c-basic-offset: 4
 * tab-width: 4
 * indent-tabs-mode: nil
 * End:
 */

Generated by  Doxygen 1.6.0   Back to index